Constitutional amendment (first resolution); apportionment; state and local independent redistricting commissions; criteria.Requires the establishment of independent redistricting commissions by the General Assembly and the governing bodies of each county, city, or town in which members of the governing body are elected from districts. The Virginia Independent Redistricting Commission is required to be convened for the purpose of proposing districts for the United States House of Representatives and for the Senate and House of Delegates. The Commission shall consist of twelve commissioners, four to be appointed by the Governor, four to be appointed by the Speaker of the House of Delegates, and four to be appointed by the Senate Committee on Rules. Equal representation shall be given to the two major political parties. Congressional district plans must receive an affirmative vote of eight of the twelve commissioners in order to be submitted to the General Assembly for a vote. Senate district plans must receive an affirmative vote of three of the four commissioners appointed by the Senate Committee on Rules in order to be submitted to the Senate for a vote. House of Delegates district plans must receive an affirmative vote of three of the four commissioners appointed by the Speaker of the House of Delegates in order to be submitted to the House of Delegates for a vote. Plans may not be amended by the General Assembly or the respective body and are not subject to amendment, approval, or veto by the Governor. If a plan is rejected by the General Assembly or the respective body, the Commission is required to submit a new plan for consideration and if that plan is rejected, the districts shall be established by the Supreme Court of Virginia. Congressional and legislative districts are to be established in accordance with certain criteria set out in the amendment.
The independent redistricting commissions established by the governing body of each county, city, and town in which members of the governing body are elected from districts will consist of four members, with equal representation given to the political parties, and will be responsible for submitting to its governing body proposed plans for local electoral districts. A proposed plan submitted to a governing body shall, if enacted, be done so in accordance with law.